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slovak shepherd axe

slovak shepherd axe

The first users of the shepherd's axe were Eurasian nomads. The shafts were usually engraved as their owners had plenty of time for crafting. In the 9th century, Magyar warriors used light axes on long shafts, called fokos, in their military arsenal during their invasion of Central Europe. At present, shepherd's axes are still made and sold as souvenirs and for decorative purposes. The main motifs were the sun, stars (whirl), comets, tree of life, flowers, trees such as fir or spruce, and various geometric designs. All-wood decorative replica of a shepherd's axe, Romanian ("Vlach") shepherd in Banat, sporting a shepherd's axe (Auguste Raffet, c. 1837). This article does not contain any citations or references. Articles containing Hungarian-language text, Articles containing Romanian-language text, Articles containing non-English-language text, Articles containing Ukrainian-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2018, Articles needing factual verification from June 2019, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Honfoglalás kori fokosok, balták és bárdok, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Shepherd%27s_axe?oldid=4784109. Depending on the language, the axe is called as follows: Hungarian language: fokos; Czech language: valaška those made up to the 1960s by highlanders). [5] The first written mention of the shepherd's axe comes from Emperor Qin Shi Huang's court. Occasionally they may be seen in the rural parts of the country where older men still use them as walking sticks. In Hungary , modified axes were also used as martial weapons by Hungarian warriors in the medieval age , used for example in the 18th century in Rákóczi's War for Independence against Austrian soldiers. A small metal head-piece is sharp on one side while the other side is flat and can be used as a hammer. The shepherd's axe is a long thin light axe of Eurasian origin used in past centuries by shepherds in the Carpathian Mountains, in Slovakia, Czech Republic, Poland, Ukraine, Romania and Hungary. They are also still used in many traditional dances. The shepherd's axe - also known as a valaska (Slovak, Czech), fokos (Hungarian), ciupaga (Polish) and many other names. those made up to the 1960s by highlanders). Many old shepherd’s axes are considered works of art. The shafts were usually engraved as their owners had plenty of time for crafting. A small metal head-piece is sharp on one side while the other side is flat and can be used as a hammer. Depiction of bartka by Severyn Obst (1882), Learn how and when to remove this template message, Honfoglalás kori fokosok, balták és bárdok, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Shepherd%27s_axe&oldid=987882071, Articles needing additional references from June 2019, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing Hungarian-language text, Articles containing Romanian-language text, Articles containing Ukrainian-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2018, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from June 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 November 2020, at 20:14. The head-piece is formed to fit comfortably into the hand so the shepherd's axe could be used as a walking stick. In the Slovak culture, the shepherd's axe was popularized by local historical legend Juraj Jánošík. It is an axe with a typical shape for a long Topor (handle), so you could use as well as support staff or walking stick. The Shepherd's axe (Slovak: valaška, Hungarian: fokos, Polish: depending on region - ciupaga, rabanica, uobuszek, cekanka, Czech: valaška, Romanian: baltag, Ukrainian: бартка, топірець) is a long thin light axe used in past centuries by shepherds in the Carpathian Mountains, especially in Slovakia, Czech Republic, Poland, Ukraine and Hungary [1]. Some smiths used many different, elaborated stamps. What distinguishes this axe from any other axe is its long helve or handle. In Hungary , modified axes were also used as martial weapons by Hungarian warriors in the medieval age , used for example in the 18th century in Rákóczi's War for Independence against Austrian soldiers. "Romanian"[2]; Polish (depending on the region): ciupaga, rąbanica, obuszek, cekanka, wataha, wataszka, the latter two from Romanian vătaf ("master shepherd")[3]; Romanian: baltag, secure; Rusyn: валашка, valaška; Slovak: valaška, lit. , lit. In the Slovak culture, the shepherd's axe was popularized by local historical legend Juraj Jánošík. The head-piece is formed to fit comfortably into the hand so the shepherd's axe could be used as a walking stick. Niță-Armaș, S.; Pavlic, N.; Gămulescu, D. (1968). 99, 114. These, by the way, are probably the most underestimated survival tools I know. The main motifs were the sun, stars (whirl), comets, tree of life, flowers, trees such as fir or spruce, and various geometric designs. Besides the common Eastern steppe varieties, Avar influence too can be felt on the Hungarian shepherd's axes. In the 17th and 18th centuries, Hungarian Kuruc leader Imre Thököly and his soldiers used shepherd's axes as weapons. They are also still used in many traditional dances. The shafts were usually engraved, as their owners had plenty of time for crafting. Many people of the Halychyna region were depicted holding bartka, particularly members of the local peasant resistance of the 19th century known as opryshky, often being associated with their more prominent leader Oleksa Dovbush. They are rarely used as tools or weapons. "Romanian"[4]; Ukrainian: бартка, bartka, топірець, topirets'). [5] Many of them were found in Avar graves. [6] Apart from them, the Bulgars and also the Alans and Slavs used similar weapons[citation needed]. The first users of the shepherd's axe were Eurasian nomads. Many people of the Halychyna region were depicted holding bartka, particularly members of the local peasant resistance of the 19th century known as opryshky, often being associated with their more prominent leader Oleksa Dovbush. [5] Besides the common Eastern steppe varieties, Avar influence too can be felt on the Hungarian shepherd's axes.[6]. It has symbolic historical and cultural connotations and is still used as a prop in many traditional dances, for example the odzemok. The shepherd's axe is a long thin light axe of Eurasian origin used in past centuries by shepherds in the Carpathian Mountains and in other territories which comprise today Slovakia, Czech Republic, Poland, Ukraine, Romania and Hungary. In the 17th and 18th centuries, Hungarian Kuruc leader Imre Thököly and his soldiers used shepherd's axes as weapons. [5] It is also depicted on Scythian imagery. Many are considered works of art (esp. A shepherd's axe is a light axewith a long and straight wooden shaft, often with a metal butt. In the Slovak culture, the shepherd's axe was popularized by local historical legend Juraj Jánošík. A shepherd’s axe is a light axe with a long and straight wooden shaft, often with a metal tip at the base. Vlach shepherds brought their shepherd's axes into Central Europe when they migrated along the Carpathian Mountains and Dinaric Mountains from the 14th through 17th centuries[citation needed][verification needed][7] These were used by shepherds as versatile tools, providing a small axe, a supplemental hammer and a walking stick. Thanks Agent_H, actual shipping time was under two weeks.However I first made contact with them on Oct 31. Although a shepherd's axe could not be used to effectively cut down heavy trees, it was still able to cut smaller branches. In Hungary, modified axes were also used as martial weapons by Hungarian warriors in the early modern period, used, for example, in the 18th century in Rákóczi's War for Independence against Austrian soldiers. In the Slovak culture, the shepherd's axe was popularized by local historical legend Juraj Jánošík. In Hungary, modified axes were also used as martial weapons by Hungarian warriors in the early modern period, used, for example, in the 18th century in Rákóczi's War for Independence against Austrian soldiers. The tool you just have to have whenever going into nature, or for your own personal colection. This article does not contain any citations or references. In Slovakia and Poland, shepherd's axes were inseparable tools of native shepherds, together with heavy decorative belts. [5] Many of them were found in Avar graves. Made in Kingdom of Wallachia. You take it on a hike as a walking stick but if need be, you can use it to take down a small tree, delimb it, split wood, drive nails or use it as a weapon since it is practically a little pole axe. From the 14th through 17th centuries[citation needed], shepherd's axes were brought into Central Europe along the Carpathian Mountains and Dinaric Mountains by shepherd migrants called Vlachs.

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