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life of cardamom plant

life of cardamom plant

Scientific name: Elettaria cardamomum Origin: Native to Evergreen rainy forest of western ghats of South India Family: Zingiberaceae Plant part used: fruit,seed 7. Cardamom plants are native to tropical rainforests. These pods contain a number of seeds, but the entire cardamom pod can be used whole and discarded or ground to powder. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Save 50% off a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. A similar study in the Cardamom Hills, in the south Indian state of Kerala, one of the largest cardamom-growing areas in the world, too showed that intense cultivation has drastically affected plant and animal life in this biodiversity hotspot. Importance of Cardamom. Cattle and buffalo are limited mainly to the subtropical humid belt, while yaks and sheep are herded in the higher elevations in the north.…, Quite naturally, such spices as cardamom, sage, cinnamon, and nutmeg were subjected to the pharmacists’ stills. If you live north of the tropics, you can grow cardamom plants in deep containers. Cardamom (or cardamon or cardamum) is the classic spice used in Scandinavian baking despite its origins in India and Sri Lanka. The flowers develop seed pods that are harvested in the fall. Cardamom may be bleached to a creamy white colour in the fumes of burning sulfur. Our houses are very dry. Dry the pods on screens for 6 or 7 days, turning them frequently. You can move your containers outdoors in the late spring when night time temperatures are consistently above 40⁰F. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Cardamom is a spice that many people use in cooking and medicine. Seedlings should be planted at least 7 feet apart. By the early 21st century, Guatemala became the largest producer of cardamom in the world, with an average annual yield between 25,000 and 29,000 tonnes. Bloomtime is spring with the white flowers appearing at the base of the leaves. Keep the soil warm, at 75⁰F. Black cardamom, Amomum subulatum , is grown in Nepal. Cardamom has been in use since ancient times. The name cardamom is sometimes applied to other similar spices of the ginger family (Amomum, Aframomum, Alpinia) used in cuisines of Africa and Asia or as commercial adulterants of true cardamoms. Move them indoors in the fall when night time temperatures fall below 40⁰F. They are a popular seasoning in South Asian dishes, particularly curries, and in Scandinavian pastries. Closer to home, it is used to flavor coffee in the Middle East and tea in India. Both turmeric and ginger are roots, or rhizomes, while cardamom is the seed of the plant. If you need ground cardamom, delay grinding the seeds until you are ready to use them. It pairs very well with turmeric and ginger. The life cycle is completed within two-three week. They do not tolerate any dryness. Use the freshest seeds you can find. There are two kinds of cardamom. Turmeric imparts deep … Whether planted in the ground or in a container, you can begin harvesting the pods in the fall when the flowers have dried out and the pods turn green. Like their cousin ginger, they have fleshy rhizomes and lance-shaped leaves. It is recorded in Sanskrit texts as a medicinal herb. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/cardamom.

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